What Is The Steps To Start A Small Scale Maize Processing Business
Maize, also know as corn, it has become a staple food in many parts of the world today, with total production surpassing that of wheat or rice. Various food technologies are currently used for processing industrially produced maize flours and corn meals in different parts of the world to obtain precooked refined maize flour, dehydrated nixtamalized flour, fermented maize flours, and other maize products. These products have different intrinsic vitamin and mineral contents, and their processing follows different pathways from raw grain to the consumer final product, which entail changes in nutrient composition.
Are you planning to start a maize milling business? Well, starting and running a milling business is not an easy task. Despite the high returns that can yield at the end of the day, there is a lot that you need to to in order to rise to the top. There are a number of things you need to know before opening the doors of your maize processing business in any part of the city. Here are some steps to start the maize processing business will help you.
1.Location Selection Of The Small Scale Maize Milling Business
The location of the milling business is among the things you cannot ignore when entering this field. The location will determine the success of your business. The business should be situated such that it can conform to the zoning regulations of the region. If you are going to ignore this, there are high chances that your business will not perform well at the end of the day. Therefore, it is wise to conduct market research so that you can determine some of the best places where you can establish the business in question. If you are not sure about the location, it is advisable to consult a few experts over the same. It does not make sense to pump a lot of money in a business located at the wrong place. There are high chances that you will end up failing and closing down the doors of your small company.
2.Investment Needs Of The Small Scale Maize Milling Business
It is not possible to run a milling business without capital. It is recommended to perform an analysis of the amount of money and other resources you will require in order to start and maintain your business. There are different ways to finance the business including loans and personal cash. You need roller mills, sifters as well as aspirators among other equipment to start the operations of your business. In addition, you will need facilities that will help you when it comes to drying as well as storage of the products. Therefore, make sure that you have adequate amount of money to perform this.
3.Maize Milling Processes
The cleaning of maize flour production process is done by removing all the foreign material like sand, grit and dirt that may be present in the maize. These foreign materials and any other impurity that may be harmful to humans after consumption of the flour or can damage the machine during milling are removed. This process ensures the maize for superior flour quality. All these foreign materials are removed by a sieving process where all course particles are removed. Different kinds of sieves are used which ensures all materials bigger or small than the maize itself is left behind.
(2)Preliminary breaking and embryo selection
On the outlet of storage barrel, there is a baffle to adjust discharging flow. When maize kernels get out, they will enter slag mill for preliminary breaking, so that some maize skin is separated from embryo. After that, broken maize is delivered by the elevator into embryo selection machine. Inside it, maize skin and embryo are separated and expelled from different outlets. At the same time, on the top of embryo selection machine, there is connected Fan. Under the function of fan, some light impurities are sucked out, while the embryos discharged from the outlet of selection machine are delivered by Suction Fan into Maize Flour Mill. Those maize skins discharged from the selection machine and some broken embryos will be delivered into Maize Flour Mill.
(3)Maize Milling and Finished Products Classification
The maize is then passed through a milling machine where it is grounded up into flour. After the milling, the last step of the Maize Flour Production Process is sieving the flour. Flour of the desired quality is retrieved and the residue is returned in the machine for further milling. Over such cycling processing, maize flours can meet different classification standards.